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Ficus Trees: The Five Common Types

Figs, also known as Ficus, are species of flowering plants that are indigenous to certain parts of Asia and the Middle East. It is considered culturally as well as religiously important in areas in which it is grown.

The genus, Ficus, has about 850 species, but the following are the five most common:Under the genus, Ficus, are some 850 species, and below are five of the most common:The genus, Ficus, has at least 850 known species, the following being the five most common:

Ficus benjamina

There is probably no fig tree more famous than Ficus benjamina, which is characterized by generally dark colors and a sometimes flawed look. Though it grows most rapidly in well-lit environments, it flourishes with a bit of light and water, even reaching a height of 13 feet. Ficus benjamina trees are known as weeping trees because they usually shed their leaves when moved to a new position or placed in a less than favorable habitat.

Ficus lyrata

This type of Ficus tree is known for its trendiness and has been mainly used as an ornament then and now. A small tree, it grows best in bright areas and is also called the fiddle leaf or the banjo fig treeAlso called the banjo fig tree or the fiddle leaf, this small one thrives in bright areas. It will keep growing as long as it is kept away from direct sunlight, otherwise, its leaves could burn.

Ficus elastica

People often find it weird when they learn that Ficus elastica is indeed a rubber tree and remains a fig tree specie. This type of fig tree is actually a cross of many different kinds of fig trees that came all the way from an Asian tropical forest. The F. elastica typically reaches 40 meters upward and has huge, polished leaves, at times bearing similar blemishes as seen in F. banjamina.

Ficus microcarpa

Also referred to as Ficus ginseng, the F. microcarpa is not really a tree or shrub but a twisting aerial root from which leaves sprout. This plant can go as high as 16 inches to 3 feet and looks like a miniature tree. Just like F. lyrata, this tree is often used as an ornament. During winter, its ideal temperatures for optimal growth are from 12 to 15 degrees, while in summer, it thrives best in shady areas.

Ficus congesta

Ficus congesta, otherwise known as the cluster fig trees, are indigenous to the Philippines and Indonesia. The fruits this plant, as you one can tell from its name, grows in clusters both on the tree’s branches and on its trunk. The leaves of these trees are curled up at first, and then they unfurl and display varying shades of red – a glorious sight for most people. The F. congesta trees is locally known by its several nicknames, such as the red leafed figs or the Satterthwaite fig. Just knowing the five most common types of fig trees should be great to start with.

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